What Is Shame… Really.

Have you ever had a secret?

One that you felt was so bad that, if discovered by others, you would fear that they would no longer want to associate with you? And so you just kept it quiet, carrying that secret around with you as your ‘dark little secret’.

Or have you ever felt that you were simply not good enough? Perhaps just waiting to be discovered as the fake that you tell yourself that you are?

Have you ever felt so different from others that it just played on your mind? You played along with the situation, hoping that you could assimilate in but deep down, you knew that you were just playing along so that you could fit in?

Or perhaps you felt you were being judged by others and simply not living up to their expectations? Your mother always telling you that you’re doing it wrong and ‘why can’t you be just like your older brother who has it all together?’

If any of the above sounds like a situation you’ve found yourself in, then you may be dealing with shame.

Defining Shame

The word shame has been used in so many different contexts that often when I talk to people about shame, they express extremes of either being riddled with it or not experiencing it at all. Some people may have been able to resolve some of their shame however it isn’t like there is a finite amount of shame stored in us internally and it has been reduced through successful simmering. In fact, if you were to look at the profile for a sociopath or a psychopath, one of the criteria is that they do not experience shame; they show no remorse or guilt for the actions and behaviours that they’ve shown.

Even trying to define shame can be challenging in itself. In her book ‘Daring Greatly: How the Courage to be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent and Lead’, Brene Brown defined shame as being, “…the intensely painful feeling or experience of believing that we are flawed and therefore unworthy of love and belonging.”

She then goes on to talk about the twelve ‘shame categories’ that have emerged from her own research, being, ‘appearance and body image, money and work, motherhood/fatherhood, family, parenting, mental and physical health, addiction, sex, aging, religion, surviving trauma, and being stereotyped or labeled’.

As a male who has had his weight frequently go up and down, I know that my experience of shame when I am overweight can certainly become quite pronounced. I begin to feel inferior to others around me. I look in the mirror at my body shape with disgust. I question my own will power and ability to take control of my body and, indeed, my life. “If I can’t manage something like my body, how am I supposed to be successful?”, asks that voice in my head. It stops me from being fully present. It stops me from engaging with others meaningfully. Worst of all, it stops me from engaging with myself because I suddenly feel that being overweight defines who I am and that I am less of a person because of it.

We have to resist the temptation though to view shame as being ‘bad’. If we look at an emotion like anger, the experience of which can be used in beneficial ways as well as being dangerous. When we experience the right amount of anger (perhaps through humiliation – another feeling linked to shame), it can drive us to confront the situation, stand our ground and fix the situation. Once we have felt heard and appropriate action has been taken, we can let go of the anger and move on. The problem comes when we allow that anger to become all consuming and this can lead to undesirably behaviours, such as shouting, aggression and even potentially violent outbursts. In that instance, the anger has taken control and created a version of ourselves that we would not find any pride in.

Healthy Shame vs Toxic Shame

In his book ‘Healing The Shame That Binds You’, John Bradshaw talks about both healthy and toxic shame. He explores how healthy shame allows us to be human; to feel empathy and understanding for others. It allows us to know what our limitations and boundaries are; what is appropriate and inappropriate in social settings. Healthy shame allows us to feel guilty over what we’ve done and that can lead us towards actions to rectify the situation. While many may view feeling guilty as a bad thing, consider for a moment that it only comes because of an action you’ve done that you know you shouldn’t have; it is actually your values and ethics coming into play and allowing you to feel empathy and remorse for your actions.

On the flipside of that is toxic shame; shame that becomes so consuming that we are forced into a position where we create a false-self that is socially acceptable but inauthentic to who we are. We fear that our flawed self is so undesirable that it will cause us to disconnect from our relationships and the ones we love. We create a version of ourselves that becomes what we believe others expect us to be however in those moments, we lose touch with who we really are. We lost touch with our own authentic self, preventing us from being completely real with everyone else.

You’ll find the three things that can intensify your shame is secrecy, silence and judgement. Allowing it to sit in your mind, the shame will only serve to continually feed the existing beliefs about how flawed you are, how unlovable you are, how much of a bad person you are. You’ll continue to build this profile and divide between the real self and the version of you that you allow yourself to see.

Left unresolved, toxic shame can often be the cause of a multitude of mental health issues including the likes of addiction, self-alienation and isolation, codependency, borderline personality and uncontrollable anger and rage.

What all people with high levels of shame resilience share is that they know what triggers their shame, they know how to reality check their shame and they reach out and share their story. Imagine for a moment that someone you love shares with you that they feel unworthy; how do you speak to them? If you can learn to speak to yourself in that same way, you’re going to be able to feel far greater self-acceptance too. When you reach out to someone you trust, who can offer you genuine empathy and share your story, then you’ll find that your shame cannot survive being spoken.

There are many ways in which shame can be managed or resolved although they all ultimately come down to a release and expression of the shame, allow it to be out there, outside of our bodies, and greeted with understanding and empathy. Once we are able to realised that we are not our shame, we can then begin to find some self-acceptance and self-love and allow us to engage with those past shame inducing experiences in a new way.

My Hypnotherapy HQ business partner, Joe Busuttil and I are working on a workshop at the moment called ‘Shame Busters’. The aim of this workshop is to clearly define shame in your life; to be able to spot it and understand what triggers it. We’ll also begin exploring ways in which you can work with your shame so that it has less impact on your life. For more information on the event and on where to get tickets, click here.

You might also like to read:
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Release Hypnosis’s Lawrence Akers on JOY FM
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Getting Mental Health On The Line – Weekending 18/6/17

Lawrence Akers

About Lawrence Akers

My approach is simple; I work with clients to determine what they want to get rid of, what they want instead and what that gap in their resources are that is preventing them from doing it. My focus is not just on motivation but on the capability to do it as well.


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